On this month, 498 years ago:

Vasco discovered that the village of Quarequa was stained by the foulest vice. The king’s brother and a number of other courtiers were dressed as women, and according to the accounts of the neighbours shared the same passion. Vasco ordered forty of them to be torn to pieces by dogs. The Spaniards commonly used their dogs in fighting against these naked people, and the dogs threw themselves upon them as though they were wild boars or timid deer. The Spaniards found these animals as ready to share their dangers as did the people of Colophon or Castabara, who trained cohorts of dogs for war; for the dogs were always in the lead and never shirked a fight.

This from Pietro Martire D’Anghiera’s account of Vasco Nunez de Balboa massacre of Native American trans folk which took place October 1513.

 

On this month, 498 years ago:

Vasco discovered that the village of Quarequa was stained by the foulest vice. The king’s brother and a number of other courtiers were dressed as women, and according to the accounts of the neighbours shared the same passion. Vasco ordered forty of them to be torn to pieces by dogs. The Spaniards commonly used their dogs in fighting against these naked people, and the dogs threw themselves upon them as though they were wild boars or timid deer. The Spaniards found these animals as ready to share their dangers as did the people of Colophon or Castabara, who trained cohorts of dogs for war; for the dogs were always in the lead and never shirked a fight.

This from Pietro Martire D’Anghiera’s account of Vasco Nunez de Balboa massacre of Native American trans folk which took place October 1513.

1930s Transmen: Photo of two FTMs. Back identifies those in photo as, “B.W. and L.D.”

1930s Transmen: Photo of two FTMs. Back identifies those in photo as, “B.W. and L.D.”

1936 News: Dallas Physician Reports Sex Change Operation As Successful #gender #history
USED SURGERY TO CHANGE SEX
Dallas Physician Reports Sex Change Operation As Successful
DALLAS, Tex., Aug. 17 (UP) — Dr. A. E. Hill, assistant Dallas county health officer, described today what he termed a successful operation to change the sex of a girl to that of a boy.
The patient, a 15-year-old ward of the county, underwent the operation several months ago Dr. Hill said and now is gradually assuming the physical properties of a man.
Dr. Hill said “the patient was known as Theresa, but now has adopted’ the name of Tony and is developing a beard, a thick growth of hair on chest and legs and a masculine voice.”
Dr. Hill revealed the operation after hearing of recent similar cases In Europe.

1936 News: Dallas Physician Reports Sex Change Operation As Successful #gender #history

USED SURGERY TO CHANGE SEX

Dallas Physician Reports Sex Change Operation As Successful

DALLAS, Tex., Aug. 17 (UP) — Dr. A. E. Hill, assistant Dallas county health officer, described today what he termed a successful operation to change the sex of a girl to that of a boy.

The patient, a 15-year-old ward of the county, underwent the operation several months ago Dr. Hill said and now is gradually assuming the physical properties of a man.

Dr. Hill said “the patient was known as Theresa, but now has adopted’ the name of Tony and is developing a beard, a thick growth of hair on chest and legs and a masculine voice.”

Dr. Hill revealed the operation after hearing of recent similar cases In Europe.

1936 News: Soldier Shocks Doctors, As He Becomes Mother #gender #history
London, Aug. 10—(INS)—Shocking: doctors in a Warsaw maternity home almost out of their wits, an army sergeant walked in, clad in men’s clothes, calmly told them “he” was going to have a baby—and proceeded to do so!
That, at any rate, is the story supplied to the London Daily Mirror today by its Warsaw correspondent, who explains that the mother, Nochmen Tenenbaum, 25, changed sex last year.
Although there are many authentic cases of sex changes on record, this is believed to be the first time in the history of medical science that the metamorphosis was so complete that reproduction was possible, commented the correspondent.
Certainly it is the first case on army records in which a sergeant became a mother!
The birth was normal and the nine pound baby was described as perfect.
The father is an artist. Tenenbaum’s sex change compelled him to abandon a “promising army career,” but he kept on wearing male clothes afterward.

1936 News: Soldier Shocks Doctors, As He Becomes Mother #gender #history

London, Aug. 10—(INS)—Shocking: doctors in a Warsaw maternity home almost out of their wits, an army sergeant walked in, clad in men’s clothes, calmly told them “he” was going to have a baby—and proceeded to do so!

That, at any rate, is the story supplied to the London Daily Mirror today by its Warsaw correspondent, who explains that the mother, Nochmen Tenenbaum, 25, changed sex last year.

Although there are many authentic cases of sex changes on record, this is believed to be the first time in the history of medical science that the metamorphosis was so complete that reproduction was possible, commented the correspondent.

Certainly it is the first case on army records in which a sergeant became a mother!

The birth was normal and the nine pound baby was described as perfect.

The father is an artist. Tenenbaum’s sex change compelled him to abandon a “promising army career,” but he kept on wearing male clothes afterward.

1934 Newspaper: Sex Change for Youth Turned Down By Parents #gender #history
ST. CLAIRSVILLE, July 11 — Parents of Glen and John Deltrich, 16 and 17-year-old brothers, who are expected to die within a year because of a strange paralysis which strikes only male members of the family, today refused to allow their sons to become subjects of “sex change” experiments.
The suggestion had been made that the brothers be sterilized and then be inoculated with a serum that would develop female characteristics in the boys and perhaps prolong their lives.
TOOK FATHER
Glen and John, their bodies twisted into contorted shapes, are victims of a mysterious hereditary spinal paralysis that has claimed the lives of seven other members of the Deitrich family in ‘the past three generations.
Because the disease strikes only male members of the family, the ”sex change” experiments were suggested. Victims of ‘the malady, in the past, always have died at the age of 18 years.
Many doctors have offered to treat the boys but a clinic of 50 famous surgeons once was unable to determine the cause of the disease nor check it.
AGAINST IDEAS
I appreciate the suggestions and help of ‘the medical profession regarding my children,” said Mrs. Deitrich, “but now they are about through with their suffering and I will let God handle the matter and net doctors who couldn’t help them in their youth. Particularly am I against sex-change ideas.”

1934 Newspaper: Sex Change for Youth Turned Down By Parents #gender #history

ST. CLAIRSVILLE, July 11 — Parents of Glen and John Deltrich, 16 and 17-year-old brothers, who are expected to die within a year because of a strange paralysis which strikes only male members of the family, today refused to allow their sons to become subjects of “sex change” experiments.

The suggestion had been made that the brothers be sterilized and then be inoculated with a serum that would develop female characteristics in the boys and perhaps prolong their lives.

TOOK FATHER

Glen and John, their bodies twisted into contorted shapes, are victims of a mysterious hereditary spinal paralysis that has claimed the lives of seven other members of the Deitrich family in ‘the past three generations.

Because the disease strikes only male members of the family, the ”sex change” experiments were suggested. Victims of ‘the malady, in the past, always have died at the age of 18 years.

Many doctors have offered to treat the boys but a clinic of 50 famous surgeons once was unable to determine the cause of the disease nor check it.

AGAINST IDEAS

I appreciate the suggestions and help of ‘the medical profession regarding my children,” said Mrs. Deitrich, “but now they are about through with their suffering and I will let God handle the matter and net doctors who couldn’t help them in their youth. Particularly am I against sex-change ideas.”

My article on The Rise of “Transgender” at the Bilerico Project. #transgender #History #GLBT

My article on The Rise of “Transgender” at the Bilerico Project. #transgender #History #GLBT

The crossdressing Robin Hoods of real history:1839-43  #transgender #history #queer
Rebecca was a small army of gender transgressing folk heroes that numbered in the thousands. Rebecca fought for justice against an oppressive legal system that crippled the ability of common people to live fruitful lives.
A Note From Rebecca:

June 1843
Reverend Sir,
I, with one of my daughters, have recently been on a journey to Aberayron, and amongst other things have heard many things respecting you, namely, that you have built a schoolroom in the upper part of the parish, and that you have been very dishonest in the erection of it, and that you promised a free school for the people, but that you have converted it into a church, and that you get £80 by the year for serving it. Now, if this is true, you may give the money back, every halfpenny of it, otherwise if you do not, I with 500 or 600 of my daughters will come and visit you, and destroy your property five times to the value of it, and make you a subject of scorn and reproach through-out the whole neighborhood. You know that I care nothing about the gates, and you shall be like them exactly, because I am averse to every tyranny and oppression.
Rebecca

The Rebecca riots took place in the rural parts of west Wales, including Pembrokeshire, Cardiganshire, and Carmarthenshire, in 1839-43. They were a series of protests made by tenant farmers against the payment of tolls (fees) charged to use the roads. Turnpike Trusts, or groups of businessmen, owned most of the main roads. These men fixed the charges and decided how many tollgates (turnpikes) could be built.
During the riots, men disguised as women attacked the tollgates. They called themselves ‘Rebecca and her daughters’. This is most likely to be after a passage in the Bible where Rebecca talks of the need to ‘possess the gates of those who hate them’ (Genesis XXIV, verse 60). People at that time knew the Bible well.Tolls were a big expense for small farmers, who used the roads to take their crops and animals to market, and also to collect lime (a chalky mineral). Lime was used to improve the quality of the soil so farmers could grow better crops. It could cost as much as five shillings (25p) in tolls to move a cart of lime eight miles inland. The people of west Wales did not want to pay to use their roads.
The main trigger for the Rebecca riots came from farmers having to pay high tolls to use the roads, but there were other reasons for their discontent. Wales had seen a population increase since the start of the 19th century. This increased competition for land and jobs and added to unemployment and poverty.Most of the farmers in these areas were small holders who grew enough to support their families. They rented their land from wealthy landlords. The landlords wanted to make more money and started to reduce the number of smallholdings available to rent. They created larger farms that could only be rented at a much higher price.The income of tenant farmers was further reduced because they had to pay tithes. Tithes were payments made for the support of the parish church. These payments were made in kind, for example crops or wool. Tithes were paid to the Anglican Church in almost all Welsh parishes once a year. In 1836, an act was passed replacing payment in kind by a money payment that was fixed by the vicar or sometimes by the local landowner. As 80% of the population of west Wales was Non-Conformist, they resented having to pay tithes to a church that was not their own.Another cause for discontent was the new Poor Law set up in England and Wales in 1834. The rioters attacked workhouses (poorhouses) as well as tollgates. The law meant that poor relief (money) was no longer paid to the able-bodied poor. Instead, they were forced to live in a workhouse where conditions were deliberately made harsher than the worst conditions outside (the government believed that the cause of poverty was laziness or a bad character).
 Poor harvests in 1837 and 1838 increased shortages and poverty. There was a good harvest in 1842, but the benefits of this were lost because that was a year of economic depression, so industrial workers could not afford to buy agricultural goods. 
For more information on the Rebeccan Riots:
http://www.archive.org/stream/rebeccaherdaught00evanuoft#page/n7/mode/2up
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rebecca_Riots
http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica/Rebecca_Riots
http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Rebecca_riots.aspx
http://history.powys.org.uk/history/rhaeadr/rebecca.html
 

The crossdressing Robin Hoods of real history:1839-43  #transgender #history #queer

Rebecca was a small army of gender transgressing folk heroes that numbered in the thousands. Rebecca fought for justice against an oppressive legal system that crippled the ability of common people to live fruitful lives.

A Note From Rebecca:

June 1843

Reverend Sir,

I, with one of my daughters, have recently been on a journey to Aberayron, and amongst other things have heard many things respecting you, namely, that you have built a schoolroom in the upper part of the parish, and that you have been very dishonest in the erection of it, and that you promised a free school for the people, but that you have converted it into a church, and that you get £80 by the year for serving it. Now, if this is true, you may give the money back, every halfpenny of it, otherwise if you do not, I with 500 or 600 of my daughters will come and visit you, and destroy your property five times to the value of it, and make you a subject of scorn and reproach through-out the whole neighborhood. You know that I care nothing about the gates, and you shall be like them exactly, because I am averse to every tyranny and oppression.

Rebecca


The Rebecca riots took place in the rural parts of west Wales, including Pembrokeshire, Cardiganshire, and Carmarthenshire, in 1839-43. They were a series of protests made by tenant farmers against the payment of tolls (fees) charged to use the roads. Turnpike Trusts, or groups of businessmen, owned most of the main roads. These men fixed the charges and decided how many tollgates (turnpikes) could be built.

During the riots, men disguised as women attacked the tollgates. They called themselves ‘Rebecca and her daughters’. This is most likely to be after a passage in the Bible where Rebecca talks of the need to ‘possess the gates of those who hate them’ (Genesis XXIV, verse 60). People at that time knew the Bible well.

Tolls were a big expense for small farmers, who used the roads to take their crops and animals to market, and also to collect lime (a chalky mineral). Lime was used to improve the quality of the soil so farmers could grow better crops. It could cost as much as five shillings (25p) in tolls to move a cart of lime eight miles inland. The people of west Wales did not want to pay to use their roads.

The main trigger for the Rebecca riots came from farmers having to pay high tolls to use the roads, but there were other reasons for their discontent. Wales had seen a population increase since the start of the 19th century. This increased competition for land and jobs and added to unemployment and poverty.

Most of the farmers in these areas were small holders who grew enough to support their families. They rented their land from wealthy landlords. The landlords wanted to make more money and started to reduce the number of smallholdings available to rent. They created larger farms that could only be rented at a much higher price.

The income of tenant farmers was further reduced because they had to pay tithes. Tithes were payments made for the support of the parish church. These payments were made in kind, for example crops or wool. Tithes were paid to the Anglican Church in almost all Welsh parishes once a year. In 1836, an act was passed replacing payment in kind by a money payment that was fixed by the vicar or sometimes by the local landowner. As 80% of the population of west Wales was Non-Conformist, they resented having to pay tithes to a church that was not their own.

Another cause for discontent was the new Poor Law set up in England and Wales in 1834. The rioters attacked workhouses (poorhouses) as well as tollgates. The law meant that poor relief (money) was no longer paid to the able-bodied poor. Instead, they were forced to live in a workhouse where conditions were deliberately made harsher than the worst conditions outside (the government believed that the cause of poverty was laziness or a bad character).

 Poor harvests in 1837 and 1838 increased shortages and poverty. There was a good harvest in 1842, but the benefits of this were lost because that was a year of economic depression, so industrial workers could not afford to buy agricultural goods.

For more information on the Rebeccan Riots:

 

Photo of a 1930s era trans woman #transgender #history #queerBack reads, “Please send this back after gazing upon it if you don’t want it (ha) Bill 21 years of age.” 

Photo of a 1930s era trans woman #transgender #history #queer

Back reads, “Please send this back after gazing upon it if you don’t want it (ha) Bill 21 years of age.” 

FTM transgender outed in 1828 #transgender #history #queer
The Philadelphian was a religious newspaper established in 1825
“The Female Teamster” – a girl in men’s attire was taken from the Bowery Theatre, New York – on her examination, it appeared she had been driven from home by her step-father’s cruelty and changed her dress to make a better life – lived out in the capacity of a servant boy, clerk, followed boating on the canal, driving team, etc – she states that situated as she is, without friends, she prefers her present dress as she is far more healthy than she formerly was and is enabled the better to gain her livelihood.

FTM transgender outed in 1828 #transgender #history #queer

The Philadelphian was a religious newspaper established in 1825

“The Female Teamster” – a girl in men’s attire was taken from the Bowery Theatre, New York – on her examination, it appeared she had been driven from home by her step-father’s cruelty and changed her dress to make a better life – lived out in the capacity of a servant boy, clerk, followed boating on the canal, driving team, etc – she states that situated as she is, without friends, she prefers her present dress as she is far more healthy than she formerly was and is enabled the better to gain her livelihood.